|Governing Body:||United World Wrestling (UWW)|
Another kind of combat sports is wrestling, played barehanded in which two opponents tend to throw each other down in a way such that their shoulders may touch the floor with the help of specific techniques used in the sport. The sport became part of Olympics in 708 B.C. and came to prominence in the late 80s.At present, the sport has two playing formats- Freestyle (added to Olympics Games in 1904) and Greco-Roman style (added to Olympics in 1908). In modern times, it has been considered as one of the most opted sport by youth and especially by women. In Greco-Roman style, the players are prohibited to hold the opponent below the waist and to change their leg position frequently.
Types of wrestling
There are two types of wrestling –Greco-Roman style and Freestyle. In Greco-Roman style, the participants are not allowed to move legs frequently and to hold the opponent below the waist whereas, in freestyle wrestling, participants are free to hold the opponent from the leg.
The player has to throw down his/ her opponent in such a way that the shoulders of the opponent should touch the floor completing a span recalled by the referee "a fall" (a maximum time that signifies full control of a wrestler over the opponent).
Both men and women can participate in the sport fighting with the same gender. There are different age categories under which participants perform.
The playing area comprises of a cushioned square shaped (12mx7m) mat (made of synthetic material) with a diameter of 9 m. The area is divided into three zones differentiated by three different colors-
The diagonally opposite corners of the mat are marked as red and blue for each of the two players. For the convenience of viewers, the mat can be placed at the maximum height of 1.1m from the floor.
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