Road Racing is a motor racing sport which takes place on paved closed circuits with both left and right turns. The sport is different from both oval track racing and off-road racing, the former is common in North America and involves turning in one direction only. These races may be held on purpose-built tracks (road courses) or temporary circuits like public roads (street circuits) and closed-off airport runways.
The origin of road racing goes back to the 1894 Paris-Rouen race, which saw motorcycles and cars racing side by side. The first Isle of Man TT was held in 1907 but circuit racing didn't start until 1949, when the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme ("FIM") launched the Road Racing World Championship Grand Prix for 125cc, 250cc, 350cc and 500cc bikes and sidecars. Italian and British riders monopolized the early years, but Australians, Americans and Spanish riders now dominate the sport. Most popular road racing series are Formula One, FIA World Endurance Championship and MotoGP which are almost always conducted on dedicated race tracks like as Suzuka, Monza, Silverstone and Spa-Francorchamps.
In 1894, a French paper presented a race from Paris to Rouen and back, beginning city to city racing. In 1900, the Gordon Bennett Cup was built up. Closed circuit racing emerged as open street racing, but despite its name, was ironically prohibited from being conducted in public streets. Brooklands was the principal devoted motor racing track in the United Kingdom.
Following World War I, European nations composed Grand Prix races over shut courses. In the United States, soil track racing progressed toward becoming popular.
After World War II, the Grand Prix circuit turned out to be all the more formally sorted out. In the United States, stock car racing and drag racing turned out to be solidly established.
Motorsports at last wound up partitioned by sorts of motor vehicles into racing events, and their fitting associations.
Specially designed motorbikes are used in road racing which are optimized for speed, acceleration and braking system. Rear tyres of these bikes are generally wider than the front for extra grip. There are various types of bikes used in different type of motorcycle races like motocross bikes, endure bikes, track racing bikes and many more.
Road Racing (Motor Sports) - Helmet
Full-face helmets are worn for shielding the face. It absorbs impacts and sometimes includes vents to increase the airflow to the rider. These helmets are equipped with a chin strap & often include a visor for face protection.
Road Racing (Motor Sports) - Boots
Shin-length boots are worn over the racing suit that is made of a material which is abrasion, cut, tear and burn resistant. Tough yet moderately flexible boots with carbon-fiber soles provide the rider with a good grip and additional safety from risks.
Road Racing (Motor Sports) - Gloves
Motorcyclists wear gloves made of leather or Kevlar and sometimes have carbon-fiber knuckle protection. Also, there can be a sticky-grip material on the palms.
Road Racing (Motor Sports) - Racing Suit
The motorcyclists wear one-piece suits made of leather or especially human-made fabrics like kelver or cordura. The suits are equipped with titanium shoulder pads, chest and rib protectors, elbow and knee guards to provide added protection.