The player having the white pieces always moves first. After the first move the players move in alternate turns (except for castling when two pieces are moved). The pieces are moved on an unoccupied square or on an occupied square by an opponent’s piece, which is captured and removed from that move. Each piece has its own style of moving.
For once in every game of chess, a king is allowed to make a special move known as castling. The move consists of moving the king two squares along the first rank towards the rook, and then placing the rook on the square that the king has just crossed.
Castling s allowed under the following conditions:-
When a pawn moves two squares from its starting position and there is an opponent’s pawn on an adjacent square next to its destination square, then the opponent’s pawn can capture it en passant.
When the king is under the attack by one or more than one opponent’s pieces, it is known to be a check.
The game may be won in the following cases:-
The game may result in a draw in the following cases:-
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