|Governing Body:||International Association of Athletics Federations|
Sprint is an athletic event which involves running over a short fixed distance in the quickest time possible. However, the term sprint is used in many sports that incorporate quickly reaching a target or a goal. In track and field athletics, athletes start from blocks set in staggered positions (except in 100m in which all runners start behind the same line) and run in lanes. Sprint events were originated in the late 19th century and are contested since the birth of the modern Olympics in 1896. The 100m, 200m and 400m sprints are part of the Summer Olympics.
Male and female athletes compete as individuals in sprint events.
Sprints take place on a running track over a distance of 100m, 200m and 400m on outdoor tracks and over 60m on indoor tracks. Usually, the running track is 400m in circumference (oval track) consisting of two parallel straights and two bends of equal radii. The track consists of a number of lanes (usually eight or nine) which are usually 1.22 m wide for individual runners.
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He is an eight-time Olympic champion, eleven-time World champion and the first athlete to hold the world records in both 100m and 200m since the fully automatic time became obligatory.
She is a seven-time world champion Jamaican athlete who became the first Caribbean woman to win a 100m gold at the Olympic Games (2008 and 2012 Olympic champion).
She is a retired track and field athlete from India who is considered as one of the greatest athletes of India and usually known as “queen of Indian track and field”.