Kickboxing is a combat sport which combines the kicking and punching techniques and was developed from Muay Thai, Karate, Boxing and some other forms of martial arts. Kickboxing is practiced for general fitness, self-defense and as well as a contact sport. The sport was originated in Japan in the 1960s and the American version was originated in the 1970s. The first World Championships of the sport was organized by the Professional Karate Association (PKA) in September 1974. The sport can be considered as a hybrid martial art as it combines elements of various forms and since the 1990s, it has contributed to the origination of MMA (Mixed Martial Arts) by combining its properties with ground fighting techniques of Brazilian Jiu-jitsu and folk wrestling. There is no single global governing body of kickboxing. The federations like International Kickboxing Federation, World Association of Kickboxing Organizations, etc. govern the sport and the bouts organized by these organizations apply different rules and regulations.
The playing/fighting area of kickboxing depends on the type of contact variation of the sport (semi-contact, full contact, etc.). The matches are fought either on mats (tatami) or ring similar to boxing rings. The rings are sprung canvas squares enclosed on all four sides by four ropes. The bottom rope must be at the height of 33 cm from the canvas floor and the top rope no more than 1.32 m. The side length of the square (length of the ropes) must be minimum 4.5m to a maximum of 6.10 m usually. The platform must be placed at around 90 cm to 1.20 m above the ground.