Jianzi is a traditional sport of China in which the objective is to keep a heavily weighted shuttlecock known as jianzi or chapteh in the air by using their bodies, except for the hands, unlike in similar sports peteca and indiaca.
Jianzi was derived from an ancient Chinese game "cuju" of the Han Dynasty 2000 years ago. The sport's competitive level is played on badminton courts in which the players have to get the jianzi over the net every time they play it. At the recreational level, it is played either individually or among a circle of players in a park or street in which the goal is to keep the shuttle up and show off skills.
The sport is now played in many countries outside of China and has gained a formal following in recent years in Europe, U.S. and elsewhere.
The shuttlecock has four equal-length goose or duck feathers fixed into plastic discs or a rubber sole. Some of the handmade shuttles/jianzis make use of a coin with a hole in the center or a washer. The total length is around 15-21 cm and weighs approximately 15-25 grams.
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In individual matches of Jianzi, players may have two consecutive hits of the chapteh. While in the team game, each side has a total of four hits. Teams may contain any no. of players but usually have six of which three are on the court at any one time while the others are the substitutes. The winning score is usually 21 points.
In China, the sport has two playing forms- circle kick among 5-10 players and duel kick between two sides or two kickers.