Goal Ball is a team sport designed especially for blind athletes in which the players try to throw the ball that has bells embedded in it, into the opponent’s goal. The sport was originally discovered by Austrian Hanz Lorenzen and German Sepp Reindle in the year 1946 as a way of rehabilitating the visually impaired veterans after World War II.
Goal ball emerged globally as a competitive sport between the 1950s and 60s and was also nominated as a demonstration sport at the 1976 Summer Paralympics held in Toronto. It was then added to the 1980 Arnhem Summer Paralympics and became the first Paralympic sport that was entirely designed for disabled players.
The International Blind Sports Federation is the official body of the sport that governs a range of sports for the blind and partially sighted.
Two teams each containing three players with one to three substitutions per side compete against each other. The players have certain positions in the play known as center, left and right wings though they are not player specific, the athlete may choose to play on the position he feels is best suited in.
As per the guidelines of International Blind Sports Federation the field of play shall be 18 meters in length and 9 metres in width. The goal posts placed at either end and opposite to each other are equal to the width of the court. The court is divided into six equal sections each measuring 3 by 9 metres. The middle of the two sections is regarded as the neutral zone.
The weight of the ball is 1.25 kilograms and contains eight holes with several noise bells with 24 centimeters diameter.