Field hockey is one of the most popular and oldest ball and stick game played around the world. It is a fast paced exciting team sport played by two teams each consisting of 11 players on the field. The origin of the game dates back to the middle ages in England, Scotland and the Netherlands.
The highest governing body of the game is International Hockey federation having headquarters in Lausanne, Switzerland.
The measurements & dimensions of the field are laid down by the International Hockey Federation (FIH). The game is played on a 100yd x 60yd rectangular field. The field is divided into four sections of 25 yards each. At each end of the field is a goal which is 7 ft. high and 12 ft. wide.
Traditionally the game was played on the grass surface, but with time and evolution in the game it is now mandatory for the entire International and most of the national competitions to play on synthetic pitches which is known as ‘turf’.
Lovingly known as the "Wizard", Major Dhyan Chand is undoubtedly the best field hockey player till date. He was a three-time Olympics gold winner and was the part of the Indian hockey team when it ruled the hockey world globally. Dhyan Chand was also conferred with the Padma Bhushan award by the Indian Government for his dedication toward the sport.
The only Indian to play in 4 Olympics, 4 World Cups, 4 Champions Trophy and 4 Asian Games in the sport of field hockey, Dhanraj Pillay is the retired field hockey player. India also won the 1998 Asian Games and the 2003 World Cup under his sheer captaincy.
A great legend and a former captain of the national hockey team of Pakistan, Hassan Sardar is said to be the best center forward that Pakistan has ever produced in the history of the game. He was the winner of gold at the Summer Olympics of 1984 which was held in Los Angeles, California.
Regarded as one of the best players in the history of field hockey, Luciana Aymar is a retired field hockey player from Argentina. The lady is the finest dribbler of the sport and has been named as the FIH Player of the year eight times, which is a record in its ownself. She has also been the part of the Argentina hockey team squad when it won two world cups.