Chess is a board strategy game played by two players on a chessboard. The game is very famous all around the world and is played by the people of all ages.
Chess is believed to have been originated in India during the 7th Century and is derived from the Indian game of chaturanga. Chaturanga is said to be the founder of other Eastern strategy games such as janggi, xiangqi, and shogi.
Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) is the official federation that governs the sport. It was a recognized sport of the International Olympic Committee, until recently, and was also included in the Asian Games of 2006 and 2010 Asian Games.
The principal purpose of the game is to “checkmate” the opponent by capturing his/her king in an inescapable way. In addition to checkmate, the game can also be won by voluntary resignation by the opponent player. This stage occurs when too much of material is lost, or in the case where the checkmate appears to be impossible. Chess can also result in a draw in several ways.
It is played by two players who compete against each other. By convention, the pieces of the game are classified into white and black sets, and the players are referred to as “White” and “Black” respectively.
Each player commences the game with 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops and eight pawns. All the six piece types move in a different way, the most powerful being the queen and the least the pawn. The player with the white pieces moves first, and after the first move, the players moves the pieces alternatively as per their turn.
The game can be played anywhere that allows the players to sit comfortably. However, the primary playing equipment on which the game is played is the chessboard which is constituted of 64 squares in an eight-by-eight grid. Two types of colors are used to differentiate the blocks; each of which is painted with a different color. The chess pieces are placed on the blocks as per the place assigned to them.
India's first grandmaster who acquired the title in 1988, Vishwanathan "Vishy" Anand is a former World Chess Champion. He held the FIDE World Chess Championship from 2000 to 2002 and became the undisputed World Champion in 2007 and retained his title against Vladimir Kramnik in 2008.
Norwegian Chess Grandmaster and the no. 1 World Chess Champion, Magnus Carlsen is an extraordinary chess prodigy who became a chess grandmaster in the year 2004 when he was just 13 years of age which makes him the third youngest grandmaster in history. He is the highest rated player in the world and in the history of chess, with a peak rating of 2881.
Levon Grigori Aronian is a chess Grandmaster from Armenia. He was ranked number two in the world on March 2014 and had an Elo rating of 2830 which makes him the fourth highest rated player in history of the game.
Wesley Barbasa So is a Filipino- American chess grandmaster who represents the United States of America at various national as well as international chess tournaments. He is currently the United States Chess Champion.