Close-fitting alpine boots are worn that are made from a durable material and have a cold resistant inner lining which keeps the feet warm in the cold. These boots hold the feet tightly to create a sturdy connection between the legs and the skis. Thick padding of the boot surrounds the lower leg, and the thick sole of the boot is attached to the ski.
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Skiers wear skin-tight suits made from wind and water resistant fabric to cut down on air resistance. The suits may be padded on the shins and around the shoulders to give the skier extra protection.
Skiers also wear gloves to keep the hands warm while skiing.
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Well-fitting ski goggles are used that help protect the skiers’ eyes from the sun as well as keep the snow out of the eyes.
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Skiers wear a helmet with padded chin-strap that covers the head and ears and consist of a hard plastic or resin shell with inner padding to withstand several impacts and gives warmth and extra protection for the head.
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Lightweight woolen socks are worn by the skiers to keep the feet dry and help regulate proper blood flow.
The device that connects/binds a ski boot to the ski is known as a binding. It fixes the boot at the toe and heel.
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Skis used in various events (slalom, giant slalom and downhill) of alpine skiing have some differentiations. Skis have steel edges, camber (a shape that focuses the skier’s weight towards the tip of the ski) and side cuts (to make the turning faster).
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Ski poles are made of aluminium tubes and are used to help maintain balance during skiing. The poles are attached to a strap on top-end and a plastic basket at the bottom that stops the pole from sinking into the snow. Downhill skiers use curved poles instead of the straight ones to minimize drag.