Freediving is a famous underwater sport. The divers have to hold their breath for a span and dive deeper in the ocean. Freediving is also regarded as breath-hold diving or skin diving; without using any scuba gear. The divers usually stay inside for up to 45 seconds.
The divers required essential pieces of equipment such as swimming mask, snorkels, fins, wetsuits and a weight belt according to the events. The competitive freediving or competitive apnea is addressed to the new age competitions.
These competitions are governed by the AIDA International (International Association for development of Apnea) and CMAS (Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques – World Underwater Federation).
Freediving is performed since ancient times for household purposes without the aid of any mechanical device. It was widely used for food gathering or military campaigns. In 1913, for the first time, freediving was performed by a Greek sponge diver, Stotti Georghios.
In 1927, Jacques O' Marchal presented the first-ever diving mask to enclose the nose. In 1949, the freediving modified to its current form by Raimondo Bucher. In 1951, with the increasing popularity of freediving, diver Hugh Bradner developed neoprene wetsuits to minimize the thermal heat exchange during diving.
In 1960, Enzo Majorca achieved his first world record in freediving. He dove to 45 m and later in 1962 broke the record by diving 50 m.
In 1988, Angela Bandini dove 107 m deep and made a stunning world record. Today, freediving has taken a vast form, including many disciplines within it. Divers from all around the world are training themselves to pioneer free diving. Freediving events are also popular in digital media platforms, where fans enjoy the thrill and enjoyment diving deeper in the ocean and explore the unknown.
In jump blue event, the divers dive over maximum distance around 15 x 15 m with a depth of 10 m in open water. The participants may use fins (bi-fins and monofins) during the competitions.