One of the world's most popular games, ten-pin bowling has been played for thousands of years. While millions of people play this indoor sport at a recreational level, it can also be extremely competitive. Ten-pin bowling, commonly referred to as just "bowling", is a target sport in which players roll a heavy ball along a smooth lane and try to knock down as many of the ten pins as possible.
There are three finger holes at the top of each ball weights of the ball vary to make the sport playable by people of all ages. In the competitive sport (ten-pin bowling), each player has ten frames, each of which consists of two attempts to knock down as many pins as possible. Each pin knocked down is worth one point. The player who scores the most points during a game wins.
There are many historical references to bowling, but the first indoor bowling alley wasn't opened until 1840- Knickerbockers in New York City. The sport gained massive popularity between 1940 and 1960 (known as "golden age of bowling"). Today the game is played by over 100 million bowlers in over 90 different countries.
- Bowling has a vast history, and today it is a standout amongst the most prevalent games on the planet. A British anthropologist, Sir Flinders Petrie, found during the 1930s a cluster of some things in a kid's grave in Egypt that appeared to him were utilised for a rough type of bowling. If he was right, at that point bowling follows its family line to 3200 BC.
- A German student of history, William Pehle, stated that bowling started in his nation around 300 AD. There is significant proof that a type of bowling was famous in England in 1366 when King Edward III purportedly banned it to keep his troops concentrated on arrow based weaponry practice. Also, it is practically sure that bowling was prominent amid the rule of King Henry VIII.
- Along with its improvement, the English, Dutch and German pilgrims all imported their varieties of bowling to America. The timeliest notice of it in original American writing is by Washington Irving when Rip Van Winkle stirs to the sound of "crashing ninepins".
- An 1841 Connecticut law made it illicit to keep up "any ninepin lanes", most likely on the grounds that bowling was the object of much betting.
- Restauranteur Joe Thum pulled together agents of the different local bowling clubs, and hence the American Bowling Congress was conceived on September 9, 1895, at Beethoven Hall in New York City. While ladies had been bowling in the last 50% of the nineteenth century, the American Bowling Congress was for men. The Women's International Bowling Congress was conceived in St. Louis in 1917. Supported by owner Dennis Sweeney, ladies pioneers from around the nation partaking in a competition chose to shape what was then called the Women's National Bowling Association.
- Balls used to be principally lignum vitae (a strong variety of wood). Be that as it may, in 1905, the first elastic/rubber ball, the "Evertrue" was presented, and in 1914 the Brunswick Corporation effectively introduced the Mineralite ball, touting its "baffling elastic compound".
- TV grasped bowling during the 1950s, and the diversion's fame developed exponentially. NBC's broadcast of "championship Bowling" was the first network coverage of this sport.
Ten-pin bowling is a variant of bowling in which a player tries to knock down ten bowling pins (biggest among the other variants of this sport) on the first roll of the ball.
Nine-pin bowling is a variant of bowling in which a player tries to knock down nine bowling pins (which are attached to strings at the top unlike the other variants of this sport) by using a ball which doesn't contain any finger holes.
Candlepin bowling is a variant of bowling in which a player tries to knock down ten bowling pins (which are very long, thin, and tall cylindrical pins unlike the other variants of this sport) by using a regular sized ball. It is the only variant of bowling in which no fallen pins are removed during a frame.
Duckpin bowling is a variant of bowling in which a player tries to knock down ten bowling pins (which are shorter and squatted pins unlike the other variants of this sport) by using a ball.
Duckpin bowling is a variant of bowling in which a player tries to knock down five bowling pins (which are shorter and squatter than the duckpin variant of this sport) by using a handheld ball.
Bowling - Clothing
Bowlers wear casual clothes that allow comfortable movement of the arms and legs.
Bowling - Shoes
Bowler's shoes are designed so that it doesn’t damage bowling alleys. The shoe on the leading foot has a rubber sole to give traction while that of the back foot has leather sole to permit sliding.
Bowling - Balls
Hard balls made of plastic, urethane or combined materials are used in bowling that has three holes drilled in them for the ring finger, middle finger and thumb. The dimensions of the balls vary according to the various formats of the game, whereas the 10 pinballs can have a diameter of up to 8.5 inches and circumference of up to 26.704 inches and weigh not more than 7.26 kg.
Bowling - Pins
The bowling pins are the crucial-most equipment in any bowling game such as tenpins, five-pins, duckpins and candlepins. Bowling pins
vary widely depending on the size, shape and the type of games and are manufactured by stacking & glueing blocks of rock maple wood. It is then brought into a basic shape with a lathe (machine) and coated with plastic. In the end, the pin is painted followed by adding a glossy finish.