Underwater target shooting is an adventurous sport, played in swimming pool or open water. This includes shooting practices in an adverse negative buoyant condition inside a water body. The game involves a varying degree of focus and aim during the shooting practices, which also challenges the everyday science. The sport was invented during the mid of 1980s in France.
The objective of underwater target shooting is to analyse the participants aiming skills. The players are required to fire a speargun to the target. During the event, players are needed to be underwater and breath only by coming to the surface. The sport can be played by individual players or by teams. Player or team with the highest number of targets aimed during the match wins the competition.
Underwater target shooting was developed in the mid of 1980s in France, as a popular physical and training activity to hunt via spearfishing (fishing with a spear). Spearfishing was performed to gather food resources by fishing and has developed as a winter season training activity.
With due course of time, the sport was widely popularized throughout Europe. Later, the first-ever French national governing committee was founded in 1987.
Soon, the Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques (CMAS) recognised underwater target shooting as an official sport and still is the governing body for the game.
In 1990, the first-ever French national championship was organised. Later in 1998, the European Championship was organised where major European countries participated. Then, the first international World Championship of underwater target shooting was held in 1999.
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