|Governing Body:||Asociación Mundial de Fútbol de Salón (AMF) and Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)|
Futsal or futsala is a contact team sport and is a variation of association football. It is played on a hard court which is smaller than a football ground and is mainly played indoors. Futsal is also regarded as five-a-side football. The sport was originally developed as an indoor football in Uruguay by Juan Carlos Ceriani in the year 1930 for recreational purpose where it was played on the basketball court. The rulebook of the game was published in September 1933 where in the rules were framed from the combination of the rules of football as well as basketball, water polo, and team handball.
They were initially not uniform and were thus reframed by Habib Maphuz and Luiz Gonzaga de Oliveria Fernandes within the YMCA of São Paulo Brazil to permit seniors to compete. Today, futsal has two governing bodies: Asociación Mundial de Fútbol de Salón (AMF) and Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). Both of them are responsible for regulating the official rules of their respective versions of the sport.
The initial account of an organised five-a-side variant of football goes back to 1930 in Montevideo, Uruguay. The sport rapidly spread all through South America as 'futbol sala' (room football, or indoor football) or 'futebol de salao' in Brazil. Then, it didn't take long for the sport to spread to each edge of Latin America, and the first global futsal competition commenced in 1965.
The International Federation for Futebol de Sala (FIFUSA) was formally established in Brazil in 1971. What's more, the first Futsal World Championship (however not yet subsidiary to FIFA) occurred in 1982 in the five-a-side hotbed of Sao Paolo.
FIFA got on board with futsal in 1989, bringing the five-a-side sport under its wing and supporting the first 'official' FIFA Futsal World Championship in 1989 in Holland. With the new official tag, the name of the sport authoritatively progressed toward becoming 'futsal.'
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