Wushu-Sanda, also known as Sanshou is a form of Chinese martial art practiced as a full-contact sport and resembles kickboxing. It is an unarmed combat sport which uses the kicking, punching, wrestling, throwing and defensive techniques. The sport was originally developed by the Chinese military and is based on the traditional Kung Fu and modern combat sports techniques.
The first World Championships of Wushu (both sanshou and taolu) took place in 1991 in Beijing, China and the first Sanshou World Cup was held in 2002 in Shanghai and is now organized in alternate years to the World Wushu Championships.
Groin protectors are worn by most of the athletes for protection against injuries.
Wushu - Sanda - Chest Protector
These are used to protect the front of the torso against hard blows.
A mouth guard is used to reduce the risk of damage from a kick to the face.
Athletes wear head guards to prevent any head injuries because in this sport, blows to the head are allowed.
Wushu - Sanda - Gloves
Gloves are made of an outer layer of leather, stitched with nylon thread, and padded with high-density polyurethane.
Wushu - Sanda - Clothing
Athletes wear sleeveless vests and shorts that allow freedom of movement.
Back sweep kick
In this technique, athletes rotate on their front foot so their back faces the opponent. Their back leg sweeps up to their opponent making contact at chest height with the back of the leg. Unless the opponents anticipate this attack, they will be knocked off balance.
In this technique, one athlete jumps at his/her opponent, wraps his/her legs on either side of the opponent’s waist and knocks him/her to the ground.
The valid scoring areas are the head, the torso and the thighs and the areas which are prohibited for attacking are the back of the head, the neck and the crotch.
Assistant Head Judge
He/she assist the head judge with his/her work and can perform other officials’ tasks when required.
He/she can overrule the platform and sideline judges. He/she announces the result of each round.
Responsible for supervising the fight. They give directions to athletes during the bout, make judgements, inspect the protective gears, ensure safety in the bout and announce results of each bout.
Responsible for keeping a note of all points and penalties awarded. Determines the winner of each round based on the decisions of the sideline judges.
There may be three to five sideline judges. Their job is to signal if one of the athletes crosses the boundary line.
Records the time elapsed during the rounds, times each round and bangs a gong to announce the end of a round.