In modern horse racing, one of the most significant factors that affect the performance of participants, is the quality of track surface which significantly influence the speed, suspension and the safety level of horses. Mainly three types of racing surfaces are used: Turf, Dirt, and Synthetics. Amongst three of them, synthetic surfaces have been widely used in modern racing. A synthetic track surface is long-lasting, can withstand all types of weather and is reliable whereas dirt track surfaces cause numerous injuries while racing. The usage of synthetic fibres provides greater stability and elasticity than that of existing grass or dirt surface. Synthetic tracks are considered as one of the essential developments in the past few years, regarding racehorse safety. They are made from a combination of silica sand with synthetic fibres, blended with a special wax coating that makes the track surface more flexible and resistant.
Major brands of synthetic surfaces:-