|Governing Body:||Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)|
Association football, the game is fondly known as soccer, football or the "beautiful game" by the sports lovers all around the globe. It is a contact sport and a team game that is played in between two teams of eleven players including a goalie on each side. Soccer is played with a spherical ball on a rectangular field with a goal at each end of the field.
Football was invented in England in the mid 19thcentury where the first club, the Sheffield football club was formed in 1863. It is said that the game was also played in many countries by different names and formats. However, as per the records, Ancient Greeks and Romans played a no. of ball games which involved the use of feet. Today, soccer is the most popular game in the world and is played in more than 200 countries by 250 million players.
The purpose of the game is to score more goals than the opponent team to win the game.
Soccer is played by two teams each consisting of eleven players along with three substitutions that can be taken anytime during the match.
As defined by the Law 1 of the Laws of the game, “The Field of Play” the football pitch should be made of turf or artificial turf. The field length must be between 100 to 130 yds and must be marked by a halfway line that divides the area into two equal halves. The goals must be eight yards wide while the penalty area must be 44 yds wide, whereas the corner arcs must be at the four corners of the field.
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