Drivers wear fireproof shoes made of soft, cushioned leather that have thin rubber soles to provide good grip and slip-free control on the pedals.
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Drivers wear a one-piece driving suit made of fire retardant fabrics like Nomex that must protect a driver from third-degree burns for a period of at least 12 seconds. Long flameproof underwear beneath the suit provides extra fire protection to the drivers. The suit has two large handles on the shoulders that enable the driver to be lifted free in case of an accident.
It is a headgear made of fire-retardant material and is mandatory for race drivers to wear under their crash helmets for added protection.
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Drivers wear a full-face helmet with visor made of a composite material like Kevlar or carbon fiber) with hard shell for protection against injuries.
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Drivers wear fireproof gloves usually made of Nomex, which are thin with suede leather palms to give the driver the feel of the wheel.
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Drivers wear a HANS (Head and Neck Support) device to protect and support their head and neck. It is U-shaped device, supported by the shoulders that keep the head from whipping forward and backward in case of a crash.
Modern formula one cars are single-seater, open wheel (outside the main body of the car) and open-cockpit cars with the engine positioned behind the driver. The weight of the car including the engine, fluids and the driver is minimum 691kg according to the set regulations.