|Governing Body:||Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA)|
Synchronized Swimming is a combined form of swimming, dance, and gymnastics in which swimmers perform figure routines with a combination of strokes and propulsions. This synchronization is accompanied by music. It was first begun in Canada during 1920s and within a decade, became much-publicized in U.S. It became an Olympic sport in 1984. At present, more than 80 nations participate in this sport. The participants perform free as well as technical routines the former following latter by using any stroke or propulsion method. In free routines, swimmers perform individually whereas, in technical routines, they follow some specific patterns to swim in specific routines at the same time. Figures are performed at fixed positions. Scores are given for figures, technical routines, and artistic impressions. Points can be decreased for any flaws in the performance or violating any rule. After adding all scores and subtracting penalty points, participants get their final scores. In major events, routine competitions are held in preliminaries and semifinals followed by figure competitions which swimmers have to qualify to reach finals.
The objective of participants is to earn highest scores from the judges’ panel. The length of time varies according to the number of participants such as for senior free routines, participants performing as solo are allotted 3 minutes, for a duet and trios it is 3:30 minutes and for a team, it is 4 minutes. The performance is judged by scoring system ranging from 0-10 according to their skilled performance and graceful impression.
Earlier, Synchronized swimming was performed only by women but now men also participate in the sport. It can be performed solo, duet, trio, combo or as a team of 8 members.
Synchronized swimming is performed in a pool of measurements 30m x 20m x 3m with no ropes and restrictions as in swimming events. The technical judges sit around the pool to observe the performance minutely. One side is allotted for the officials such as assistant judges, timekeepers, and announcers along with sound technician sit.
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