|Governing Body:||World Mountain Running Association (WMRA)|
Mountain Running also known as fell running or hill running is a discipline of athletics which is based the on time factor and takes place off the road, over a variety of distance, ascent, descent and terrain which makes the sport so fascinating. These races cover a range of distances and vary from short 15-minute runs to long several hours treks over mountain paths. The WMRA, the International Committee of the sport was born in 1984 and organized the first World Trophy in 1985. However, local level competitions like Ben Nevis in Scotland are held regularly since 1937.
The IAAF recognizes the World Mountain Running Association (WMRA) as the global governing body of Mountain Running.
To complete the race (whole distance) by taking the defined way in the fastest time possible.
Male and female athletes compete as individuals as well as in teams in mountain running events.
Mountain races take place mainly on off-road terrains or sometimes over the macadamized routes which have significant elevation gain. There are majorly two types of routes: one is "uphill only" which involves considerable amounts of ascent and the second one is "up and down" which involves ascent and descent both with start and finish at the same level. According to IAAF, it is recommended that the highest point on the course should not exceed the altitude of 3000 meters.
Image Credits: running.competitor.com