|Governing Body:||International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF)|
High Jump is a track and field athletic event in which athletes jump unaided over a four-meter long horizontal bar placed at predetermined height without dislodging it. High jump and pole vault events are together referred as "vertical jumps". The first recorded high jump events took place in Scotland in the 19th century. From that time, the event has gone through a series of changes in the techniques used. The eastern cut-off, western roll and straddle methods were used previously, but now the technique of Fosbury Flop is most commonly used. High Jump is a part of Summer Olympics since its inception in 1896.
High jump venue includes a semicircular runway with a minimum width of 16m and minimum length of 15m, a horizontal bar of approximately 4 meters long placed on two long vertical uprights over which the athletes jump on the landing area. The horizontal bar is so placed that it will fall if touched by an athlete trying to jump over it. The landing area is 5 x 3 meters in size and is made of plastic-covered layers of foam rubber that cushion the athlete’s landing.
Image Credits: foams4sports.co.uk
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