|Governing Body:||International Skating Union (ISU)|
The overall in charge of the competition who also decides all protests.
Assist the chief referee in taking all the decisions and make sure that lane changes are made legally.
Responsible for starting the race and for the start area. He/she calls the skaters to the starting lane and manages them until a valid start of the lap is done.
Makes sure that the skaters finish legally and determines the winner of the race or in case a tie occurs.
Responsible for keeping track of the time taken by each player to reach the finish line. There can be manual timekeeping or an automatic one.
Responsible for displaying the number of laps remaining (still to be skated).
Track judges include corner judges, crossing controllers and judges observing the finishing straight. All these authorities ensure that no rule infringement takes place on the track by the skaters and check the correctness of the skaters moving on the track.,
Marathon event takes place on long tracks over long distances, around 40 km in indoor tracks and it can be around 200 km for outdoor/natural ice tracks.,
During skating, skaters lean their body forward, bend the knees and usually swing their arms to maintain momentum. When passing through the corners, the skaters lean very low and often touch the ice with the inside hand.
Long track skaters also follow similar techniques and usually keep one arm behind their back to reduce drag while skating. Crossovers are also used by skaters that help them crossing the corners easily.,
Male and female skaters participate in various events of speed skating as individuals or teams.,
The two main types of speed skating (short track and long track formats) take place on oval ice tracks having different dimensions. Short track oval has a circumference of 111.12 m and the rink has at least 60 x 30 m dimension. Long track is a double-laned 400m oval having two curved ends each of 180 degrees. The inner curves of the long track have a radius of around 25-26 m and each lane have the width of 4 m.
Speed Skating started as a quick type of transportation crosswise over frozen lakes and streams. It is one of the most ancient kinds of sport on the planet and amid the nineteenth century it advanced in both Europe and North America into a cutting edge, aggressive game turning into the quickest non-mechanical game. Skaters can achieve speeds more than 50 km for every hour (31 miles for each hour) fueled just by their body and particularly their legs.
From soft caps to skin-tight streamlined racing suits and the presentation of the slap skate, Speed Skating has enormously developed through the span of its 120 years of presence. Aside from the first four distance Championships for men, separate World Championships were presented for women in 1936, for Sprinters in 1972 and junior division in 1974. These Championships reliably clung to the rule of a World Championships with four distance.
Speed Skating made its introduction on the Olympic program at the 1924 Winter Games. For quite a while, the Olympic Winter Games were the main event for Speed Skaters to pick up titles in the individual distances. Just since 1996 has there been the ISU World Single Distances Championships consistently, under the ISU banner. In 2005 the ISU presented the Team Pursuit and after ten years the Team Sprint. In 2011 the Mass Start was brought into the official competition and made its Olympic presentation at the 2018 PyeongChang Olympic Winter Games.
The Dutch were seemingly the most punctual pioneers of skating. They started utilising waterways to keep up the correspondence by skating from town to town as far back as the thirteenth century. Skating, in the end, spread over the channel to England, and soon the first clubs and artificial rinks started to shape. Energetic skaters incorporated a few rulers of England, Marie Antoinette, Napoleon III and German essayist Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
The first known skating rivalry is thought to have been held in the Netherlands in 1676. Be that as it may, the first official Speed Skating occasions were not held until 1863 in Oslo, Norway. In 1889, the Netherlands facilitated the first World Championships, uniting Dutch, Russian, American and English groups.
It's a variant of speed skating which consists of a couple (traditionally a man and a woman) who dance on the ice while holding each other. Jumps and throws aren't allowed in this type of speed skating.,
it's a more safe version of speed skating which is contested on a short track of 111 meters having more safety precautions like guards, etc.,
It's a variant of speed skating which consists of competitions conducted on a 400 meters rink while using a significantly less amount of safety precautions as compared to short track speed racing. It's held for both men and women, but women are allowed to cover less distance.
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