|Governing Body:||World Baseball Softball Confederation(WBSC)|
The game of softball consists of seven innings and every inning includes three outs for each team. During an inning, each team takes a turn in the field and a turn at bat.
The aim of the defensive team is to get three batters out which can be achieved in a no. of ways: if three strikes of a batter are called (strikeout), the ball hit by the batter is caught by a fielder before it hits the ground (flyout), a runner who is not standing on a base is tagged by a fielder holding the ball or a fielder with the ball touches the base to which a runner is forced to go before he gets there.
A batter has three attempts to hit the ball pitched into the strike zone above home plate. If a batter/hitter swung at the ball but missed it, he/she is charged with a strike. A strike is also called if the batter does not swing at a ball pitched into the strike zone or hits the ball into foul territory.
A run is scored in softball when a player has touched all the bases in counterclockwise order (running from home plate to first base then second and so on) and it need not to be touched on the same play.
Some of the pitching rules are:-
The main batting rules are:-
Some of the base running rules are:-
The number of umpires in a softball match can range from minimum one to a maximum of seven, one at each base (first, second and third base), one at the home plate and three positioned in the outfield. They are responsible for officiating the game including the beginning and ending, enforcing the rules of the game, making judgement calls on play and handling the disciplinary actions. Some fastpitch softball games use only two umpires, one as a plate umpire and one as a base umpire.,
It is played on fast pitch with nine players per team. Bunting and stealing are permitted in the game.
It is a slowed-down version of the fast-pitch softball which restricts the windmill windup of the pitcher.
Played with 10 players per team and the ball measures 11-12 inches in circumference and must arch on its path to the batter.,
Pitchers throw the ball in a variety of ways, each of which may have different velocities, trajectory and arm angle. These variations are introduced to confuse the batter in various ways. The main types of pitching are the fastball, changeup, curveball, dropball, riseball, screwball, dropcurve and dropchange.
Batters grip the bat firmly around the handle with hands close together and fingers aligned at the knuckles.
The three main steps used in batting are:
Two teams of nine players each compete against each other. The players are referred by their playing positions on the field. The defensive positions are pitcher, catcher, first baseman, second baseman, third baseman, shortstop, left fielder, center fielder and right fielder.,
The Softball field is divided into the fair and foul territory. The fair territory consists of the infield and outfield and the area beyond the outfield fence is the foul territory. The infield is a diamond shaped area (with 60 feet long baselines) consisting of first, second and third bases, the home plate and the pitcher’s mound. The pitcher’s mound is a flat circle with 8 feet radius and is the place from where the pitcher throws the ball to the batter and is in the middle of the infield. The home plate is a 5-sided slab of rubber and the other three bases are in a counterclockwise order from the home plate and are called first base, second base and the third base. There is a one batter’s box on each side of the home plate. The right-handed batter stands in the left-side batter’s box and vice-versa.
The outfield is made either from grass or artificial turf and it is the area where the outfielders play. Two foul lines extend out from the back home plate to the foul poles at the edge of the outfield. The ball is not in play if hit outside the foul lines. The warning track runs along the fence which is a strip of dirt/gravel and is a warning sign for outfielders.
Softball is said to have started – indoors, really – in 1887 on Thanksgiving Day in Chicago. A gathering of men had assembled at Chicago's Farragut Boat Club. Amid the cheer sitting was George Hancock, a journalist of the Chicago board of trade, who converted a boxing glove into a sphere (by tying it with its own strings), took a broomstick handle, and, utilising chalk, checked lines on the floor.
That night an amusement occurred with 80 runs scored, and from that point, the game had been conceived. Hancock is also said to have been the first issuer of softball rulebook in 1889.
In 1895, Lewis Rober Sr. moved the diversion outdoors in an empty lot outside of the Minnesota firehouse he worked at so the firemen could get some activity while hanging tight for a caution. It was referred to around then as 'kitten league ball,' which was later abbreviated to 'kitten ball.' The name 'kitten ball' was later changed to 'diamond ball' in 1992. At various occasions, the name of the amusement likewise would incorporate 'mush ball' and 'pumpkin ball.' The term 'softball' was first used in 1926, when Walter Hakanson of the YMCA (Young Men's Christian Association) of Denver, Colorado considered it while going to a gathering to frame the Colorado Amateur Softball Association. There have been numerous varieties of the game throughout the years also.
In 1933 the first ever national amateur softball competition occurred related to Chicago's World's Fair and before long, the columnist who expounded on the occasion, Leo Fischer, set up the Amateur Softball Association (ASA). Softball kept on spreading to the remainder of the world, with maybe its most significant push originating from American members of the armed forces playing and showing the game on the fields of World War II. In 1952 the first meet was held for the International Softball Federation (ISF), which would administer the game the world over, and the first championship in global play occurred in 1965 when ladies' groups from five nations contended in Australia. After one year, the first Men's World Championship was played (in Mexico).
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