|Governing Body:||Fédération Internationale des Sociétés d'Aviron (FISA)|
Rowing is a sport in which a boat is propelled on water using oars. It was originated in ancient Egyptian times, but first rowing competition was held in the early 10th century between professional watermen on the River Thames in London, UK. Rowing is also a part of Summer Olympics since 1900. It was also the part of 1896 Olympics but was cancelled due to bad weather conditions. The global governing body of rowing is Fédération Internationale des Sociétés d'Aviron (FISA) and was founded in 1892.
Rowing started as a method for transportation. Galleys, utilised as war vessels and boats of state, won in antiquated Egypt (on the Nile River) and consequently in the Roman Empire (on the Mediterranean) from, in any event, the 25th century BCE to the fourth century CE. Rowing was likewise an imperative extra to cruising for the Anglo-Saxons, Danes, and Norwegians in their waterborne military invasions. Rowing in England, of both little vessels and barges, started on the River Thames since the thirteenth century and brought about an organisation of watermen who transported travellers up, down, and over the Thames in and close London. Betting by travellers in various pontoons by the sixteenth century prompted races, unorganised at first but later organised and sponsored. By the mid-eighteenth century, there were in excess of 40,000 liveried watermen. Doggett's Coat and Badge, a well organised composed watermen's race, has been held every year since 1715. The watermen were, obviously, experts, and the regattas, projects of racing, held all through the eighteenth century were additionally proficient. A comparative type of racing by ferrymen in the United States started right off the bat in the nineteenth century.
Rowing in six-and eight-paddle vessels started as a club and school action for beginners about this time in England and reasonably later in the United States. Organised racing began at the colleges of Oxford and Cambridge during the 1820s, coming full circle in 1839 in the Henley Regatta (from 1851 the Henley Royal Regatta), which has proceeded to the present. Rowing as a game developed from the 1830s to the '60s in Australia and Canada and amid a similar period ended up well known all through Europe and in the United States. (Harvard and Yale's colleges initially raced in 1851; the main open regatta for beginners was held in 1872.) Throughout the century professional sculling was a mainstream sport.
Local and national associations, novice and professional, were shaped in this period, and in 1892 the Fédération Internationale des Sociétés d'Aviron (FISA; the International Rowing Federation) was established. Events in Rowing (for groups of eight, four, and two) and sculling were built up. In races for eights and for somewhere in the range of fours and sets, there is additionally a coxswain, who sits at the stern, steers, calls the stroke, and for the most part, coordinates the methodology of the race. Rowing events in the Olympic Games have been held for men since 1900 and since 1976.
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