|Governing Body:||Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI)|
Skydiving, widely known as parachuting, is an extreme sport which is an act of transiting from a high point in the sky to Earth with the aid of gravity and involving a control of speed during the descent by using a parachute. In this sport, skydivers launch themselves into thin air from a great height, usually from an airplane, they go into free fall for a period of time before opening a parachute to enable them to land in a drop zone at a safe speed. It is usually a recreational sport but experienced skydivers take part in competitions organized by the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI), the global governing body of the sport or by other national federations. The first ever parachute jump was performed by Andre-Jacques Garnerin on 22nd October 1797 in Paris from the altitude of some 600m. The first intentional freefall jump was performed by Leslie Irvin on 28 April 1919 in Ohio. FAI approved the first parachuting records in 1951 and organized the first world parachuting championships in the same year in Yugoslavia.
While the utilisation of parachutes dates right back to 1100 in China, the action we call "skydiving" can be most straightforwardly connected to France in the late eighteenth century.
Skydiving has made considerable progress from the earliest starting point of parachuting, which dates right back to the tenth century China. A man named Jacques Garnerin was well known in late eighteenth century France because - Garnerin bounced from hot air balloons with a parachute for a show! And in the change from inflatables to planes, American parachutist Tiny Broadwick was the first lady to hop from an aircraft toward the start of the twentieth century.
In World War I, observational air balloons were regularly utilised, particularly in zones that used channel fighting. The men who were positioned in the balloons were airborne for a long time, and even though they were intensely watched and guarded, they were still clear targets for the adversary's flying aircrafts. Because of the hazardous idea of being a static focus in a threatening area, administrators/balloon operators were outfitted with crisis parachutes that enabled them to escape if their inflatable was assaulted. 1922 was the year we saw the first crisis parachute bailout employing a plane.
World War II brought the trend of paratrooper inclusions into adversary region, which made a mass of skilled parachutists and parachuting gear. After the war, these fighters weren't prepared to surrender the surge they got from parachuting, and this offered path to the development of a side interest - the sport of parachuting. As it developed in prominence, rivalries started to rise, and the following cult was created.
In the mid-1950s, Raymond Young was the first to utilise the word "skydiver" to portray his friends in the game. Commercial skydiving academies and schools started to spring up through the 1960s. As far back as Joseph Kittinger, a U.S. Flying Corps pilot, set the world record for the highest parachute jump when he hopped from an outdoors gondola at 102,800 feet. Kittinger's record was held unbroken for 52 years until Felix Baumgartner broke it in 2012.
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