Para cross-country skiing is a Paralympic sport which is an adaptation of cross-country skiing for athletes with a range of disabilities. Athletes with physical impairments or visual impairments/blindness are eligible to compete in the competitions and are categorized into various sport classes.
Based on the disability, an athlete may use a sit-ski which is a chair equipped with a pair of skis. Athletes with visual impairments/blindness compete with a sighted guide. The sport was included at the Winter Paralympics since its first edition in 1976 in Sweden. It is one of the two disciplines of Nordic skiing at the Winter Paralympics; the other one is Biathlon.
Para cross-country skiing was introduced at the first edition of Winter Paralympics, held in the year 1976, in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden, initially using the classic technique. Skate-skiing was first approved at the Innsbruck 1984 Winter Paralympics and became a medal sport in 1992 in Albertville, France. It was for the first time in Lillehammer 1994 Winter Paralympics when Nordic skiers competed in the same venue used for the Olympic Winter Games.
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