Oină is a traditional Romanian sport which is similar in many ways to baseball and lapta. The word "oină" is obtained from the Cuman word oyn which means "game". Oină was first introduced during the rule of Vlaicu Vodă in the year 1364, when it expanded all across Wallachia. (Federaţia Română de Oină) i.e. the Romanian Oină Federation was established in 1932 and was reactivated in the early 1950s, after a short period of being dissolved.
Today, there are two oină federations:-
The game is played by two teams of 11 players each, out of which one is the attacking side or "at bat" ("la bătaie") and the other one is the defending side or "at catch" ("la prindere"). The teams have completely different roles to play depending on either they are at bat or at catch. At bat, the players are responsible for opening the game and running the lanes until they cross the escape line. At catch, the players' job is to hit the players running the lanes with the ball. There can be a maximum of two players running each lane at the same time and a player can be hit in both lanes once.
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