|Governing Body:||International Netball Federation (INF)|
The captains of both the teams should toss for choice of the first centre or goal end and should convey the same to the umpire and the scorers.
The game is divided into 4 equal quarters. Each quarter will be of 9 minutes with a minute rest period between the next. The games will start at the said time any teams late will lose a goal every minute until they arrive.
The points will be awarded as follows:-
The players must not wear any jewellery during the game. The nails of every player must be smooth.
All the players must be at their assigned goal for the centre pass. When the player who is taking the pass moves in to the circle with either one or both the feet, the whistle must be blown and if any players are on the offside then, a free pass will be awarded.
The ball is said to be out if it touches the ground out of the court. If the ball touches any object or being in contact with the round outside the court then too it is termed as out. If the ball hits the goal post but stays in the court then it is NOT out of the court.
The player who has been penalized must not attempt to take part in the game unless the ball has been left from the hands of the thrower.
Netball fouls are divides into two main categories; the minor and the major infringements. They are described as under:-
These include; not releasing the ball within 3 seconds of receipt, throwing the ball over third of the court, using incorrect footwork, moving offside into the area that is not the part of the player’s designated playing area, moving out of the court and breaking a centre pass.The penalties for the aforesaid include a free pass taken by any member of the non-offending team, who is allowed in the area where the infringement took place. In the case of an out of the court, this free pass is actually a throw-in.
These includes contact, obstruction and intimidation.The penalties for the following include a penalty pass, or penalty pass or a shot.The umpire may call for a toss if there is a simultaneous infringement or action by two opposing players.
The match officials include the umpire, time keepers and scorers.
The team officials are comprised of the coach, a manager, a captain and up to three other staff members, at least one of whom must be a chief care taker who must be qualified to diagnose injury and treat illness.,
Passing the ball to the teammate can be done by way of throwing or bouncing the ball but it should not be rolled. The ball can be tipped or hit with one or two hands (with an open fist). Involuntary contact with the ball by any other part of the body is not an infringement.
The players target for the ring on the opponent’s side. For shooting the ball it must be held over the head with open hands and should be thrown with an extension of the knees. The ideal trajectory is high with the ball falling vertically into the ring.
The defending players must stay at a distance of at least 92 cms. from the attacking players. No aggressive or intimidating gestures are allowed.
The attack aims to develop passing options from the centre pass. The player attempts to get hold of the ball in a position that is close to the edge of the semi-circle arc in order to pass it to the shooter.
An ideal group play drills involve large group of players in continuous training.,
The game constitutes of seven players on each side of the court. There may be up to twelve players in a team, however, there is no limit to the no. of substitutions that a team may avail.
Following are the playing positions and role of players:-
The netball game can either be played on a hard or soft court with rings or scoring hoops at both the ends. Generally, the professional level games are played on a hard court which measures 100ft by 50.0ft and is slightly larger than the basketball court. The longer sides are known as the “side lines” whereas, the shorter lines are known as “goal lines” or “back lines”, the two lines that split the court into three are referred to as “transverse lines”. The court markings must not be more than 2 inches in width. The court is divided into threes which directs where the players of each position are permitted to move.
The centre circle is located at the centre of the court and measures 9 metres in diameter. There is a 4.9 metre radius semi-circle at each end of the court which is also called as “shooting circle” or "goal circle” and all the scoring shots must be taken within the same circle. The goal posts are 10 ft high from the top of the ring to the ground with no backboard. The internal diameter of the rings must not be more than 15 inches and must be placed 5.9 inches forward from the post.
The historical backdrop of netball is totally related to the evolution of basketball. A year after basketball was created in 1891, the game was altered for women to suit social norms in regards to their investment in the game, offering a way to the invention of women's basketball. Varieties of women's basketball emerged over the United States and in England. At a physical training school in England, the standards of women's basketball were changed to frame an entirely new game: "netball". The first set of rules of netball were written at the beginning of the twentieth century, and from that point, the new game spread all through the British Empire.
From the earliest, netball was broadly acknowledged as a game suited for women. Local netball competitions emerged in a few nations amid the primary portion of the twentieth century. Beginning from the 1920s, national affiliations were shaped to organise the sport in netball-playing countries. Worldwide matches were played occasionally in the mid-twentieth century, yet were hampered by the varying guidelines in different nations.
By 1960, the principles and rules of netball were institutionalised universally. A worldwide administering body called the International Netball Federation (INF) was framed to supervise the game. The last half of the twentieth century saw global competitions expand their horizon, with the game's main global competition, the INF Netball World Cup, beginning in 1963. Netball has additionally been played at the Commonwealth Games since 1998.
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