(a) There are two teams each comprising of total 12 members. The game has four quarters/turns, each of 9 min.
(b) There are only three members of the running team on the field while the eight members of the chasing team take a knee-down position on squares that are drawn through field lines in a preset area between two poles. They sit facing in opposite directions in the cross-lane without cutting the line. One member who is called 'chaser' stands near one pole to chase the runners first.
(c) The chaser has to touch or tap the runners whereas the runners try to defend themselves from the chaser to get touched. When the chaser touches all the three runners, three new runners (of the running team that wait in the entry zone area) enter the field, and the game continues.
(d) The chasing team members take positions on the cross-lane whereas there are three runners on the field who can run in a field-range determined by two poles. The runners are allowed to run over the cross-lane or change their moving direction while running.
(e) The chaser is not allowed to run over the cross-lane or to change the direction while chasing the runners. If it is needed, he has to touch the pole, turn back and continue chasing.
(f) Each time, the chaser touches a runner, a point is awarded.
(g) The chaser can pass-on his turn to any other sitting player by tapping from behind by pronouncing a term 'Kho'.
(h) There are fouls for early Kho, touching without saying Kho, changing direction by the chaser, cutting the cross lane while chasing, getting up without receiving a Kho, or late Kho.
(i) If there is a tie, an extra turn is performed in which the winner is one that takes less time to touch one runner on the opposite team.,
One referee officiates the match, checking the state of the playing field according to the rules of the game, supervising and helping umpires, observing the runners, their entry from the free zone, punishing players for their misconducts and announcing the scores.
There are two umpires to conduct the match, declare a touch as well as fouls, and to implement game rules between both the teams.
The timekeeper has the responsibility of checking the duration of each quarter play, declaring the end of each quarter, checking the break-time duration and noting the time taken to touch-out a runner by both teams in case of a tie match.
The scorer as its title says, records the score of teams, checks the order of the running team, sends next group in the entry zone area.,
Kho kho is divided into two innings of 9 minutes each and is played in by two teams of twelve players each side out of which nine enter the field and each of them avoids being touched by the opposing team's player/s. The sport can be conducted either between two teams of men or two teams of women.,
The kho kho playground is in a rectangular shape which measures 30 m in length and 19 m in width with two rectangles at the end.
The length of the rectangle is 16 m and the width is 2.75 m. In the midst of these two rectangles, there are two wooden poles held in an upright position. The central lane is 23.50 m long and 30 cm wide and there are eight cross lanes which rest across the central lane. The dimensions of the cross lane are 16 m x 30 cm.
The starting point of Kho-Kho is tough to follow, however, numerous students of history trust, that it is a changed type of 'Run Chase', which in its easiest structure includes pursuing and tagging an individual. With its root in Maharashtra, Kho-Kho, in ancient times, was played on 'raths' or chariots and was known as Rathera.
The first kho-kho competitions were held in 1914, and the main national title was held in 1959 at Vijayawada under the support of the Kho-kho Federation of India (KKFI), which was shaped in 1955. The years 1960-61 included Women's Championship for the first time in Kohlapur, Maharashtra.
From that point forward, the KKFI has attempted incredible endeavours to promote the amusement, which is presently played crosswise over India at different dimensions and levels, from schools to the national group. Kho-kho was incorporated as an exhibition sport at the Berlin 1936 Olympic Games and the South Asian Federation (SAF) Games in Calcutta (Kolkata) in 1987. It was amid the SAF Games that the Asian Kho-kho Federation was framed, which later advanced kho-kho in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.
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