|Governing Body:||International Golf Federation (IGF)|
It is a set of practices designed to make the sport safer for the golfers and to minimize damage to the golf courses and equipment. If any player gets involve in serious breaching of these etiquettes, then he/she may be disqualified by the course authorities.
In golf, players mark each other’s scorecards and not their own. The score of the golfer is expressed as the difference between the no. of strokes and the par score. Certain scores are given names as below:-
In golf, a penalty is awarded in the form of an additional stroke or strokes are added to the golfer’ score for an infringement of the rules.
Male and female athletes compete as individuals or in teams in golf events.,
There is no standardized playing area for golf. It is played on a course on which a series of 18 holes are arranged. Each hole must contain a tee box and a putting green which contains the actual hole or cup which is 4.25 inches in diameter and at least 4 inches deep.
There are other forms of terrain in between like the fairway, the rough and other hazards but each hole on the golf course has unique features with specific layout and arrangement. Most of the courses have par-3, 4, 5 or 6 holes.
The distances of the holes from standard tees vary according to the par. Many times, nine holes courses are used that are played twice for a full round of 18 holes.,
Referee: A referee is appointed by the Committee to apply the rules and decide questions of fact. He/she must act on any breaching of the rules that he/she observes or is reported to him/her.,
In this event, each golfer play the same course of 18 holes four times over four days and the one who has the lowest no. of strokes at the end wins the event.
In this format, golfers compete hole by hole and the one who wins the most holes is declared the winner,
A golf swing is a fundamental technique used to hit the ball with full force. The goal of swing is to direct the kinetic energy as much as possible to the club head so that when it hits the ball, all the energy will transfer to it, sending it into flight. A golf swing starts with a good setup and includes a good grip, correct stance, takeaway, the backswing, the downswing and impact and the follow-through.
A good grip on the club is a player’s only means of controlling the clubhead and bringing it into impact in a square (straight) position.
The three main types are:-
There are three main types of strokes in golf:-
Some of the shots played in golf are:-
The ancient history of golf and its origins are quite debatable, but the modern game of golf is believed to be originated in 15th-century Scotland. The standard eighteen hole golf course was first created in 1764 in St Andrews' Old Course (also known as the cathedral of golf) while the sport’s first and the oldest major tournament - The British Open - was first played in 1860 in Ayrshire, Scotland.
The sport of golf later got international popularity in the early 19th century when it reached the other parts of the United Kingdom, and then toward the British Empire and the United States.
The first governing body of golf, the United States Golf Association aka the USGA, was found in 1894 until the current governing body in the sport of golf, the Professional Golf Association of America, took control in 1916.,
The earliest versions of gold balls were thin leather bags filled with bird feathers. Then came the gutta ball, made from the sap of gutta tree, which travelled faster than the previously used leather balls. Slowly and slowly, players started to notice that the balls which have been used for long and were weary and teary, tend to travel faster than the other newer balls. Thus, they intentionally started pitting them for achieving maximum distance. Then, later in 1905, golf ball manufacturer William Taylor became the first person to introduce the modern day design - the dimpled ball.
Initially, in the ancient days of golf, players used club-shaped tree branches to hit the shots. Then along with the evolution of modern golf, wooden golf clubs were introduced which later transformed into the current day versions.
Golf bags were first introduced in the 1880s while the first motorised golf cart was invented in 1962 by Merlin L. Halvorson.
The first account of using a portable golf tee came in 1889 when two Scottish golfers William Bloxsom and Arthur Douglas patented the concept. However, it was made from rubber and had three rubber legs to hold it on its place on the ground.
The pegging system was first used in 1892 while the cup that holds the ball was attached to the tee was introduced in 1897. Hence, the modern design of golf balls completed itself.,
The feather golf ball or 'Featherie' was introduced
The gutta-percha golf ball was invented
Golf bags first came into use
Coburn Haskell introduced the one-piece rubber cored ball
The first time a dimple pattern was applied to a golf ball
Club head made with grooves for more backspin
Steel golf club shafts were introduced in the US golf at St Andrews golf at St Andrews
The maximum of 14 clubs in a bag rule was introduced
The center shafted putter, was legalized
The first powered golf car appeared, invented by Merlin L. Halvorson.
The casting method of manufacturing clubs heads was introduced
Spalding introduced the first two piece ball, the Executive.
The graphite shaft was introduced
Big Bertha oversized wood which was introduced
Pitch and putt is a variant of sports which includes playing with holes which are less far from each other than standard golf holes. These holes are generally less than eighty yards from each other. It's played on artificial teeing surfaces and players are allowed to use only two clubs in which one must be a putter. The European Pitch and Putt association globally regulates this sport all around the world since 1999.
Snow Golf is a variant of golf which is played on a golf course covered with ice instead of standard golf courses covered with grass. These courses are usually called whites, in contrast to standard golf courses being called greens. The balls used in this kind of golf are generally coloured to enhance its visibility among the ice.
Beach golf is very surprisingly a team sports variant of standard golf. It was invented in 1999 in Italy. This type of golf is usually played in beaches or sandy places. There are two members in a team, and each one takes his turn in hitting the shot. The clubs used are wedges which are generally used in bunkers. A synthetic rug is used at the tee from which players start.
Urban golf is an informal variant of golf that doesn't involve much strictness into implementing "standard' rules, i.e. it can be played anywhere, anything can be used as an obstacle, and any ball can be used.
Speed golf is a variant of gold that involves completing the entire course in the minimum number of strokes and the quickest time possible. The rules included in playing golf and speed golf are almost identical except a few minor changes -
Crazy Golf is a putting only variant of golf usually played on an artificial surface. It's also called mini golf.
Target golf is a variant of golf in which players hit the golf ball into a large net of size 30x30 and score points depending on where their balls land. It also has a mini version for children, which involves using a small net of dimensions 15x15.
Disc Golf is another variant of golf in which players throw a frisbee or a disc to cross a course. The objective is to traverse the full golf course in the fewest throws possible.
Foot Golf is a variant of golf which is generally an amalgam of football and golf. The players have to kick the ball into the hole while taking the minimum number of shots. However, the distance of the hole from the tee is shorter in foot golf because it takes far more stress to putt a soft football than a hard golf ball.
Kindly log in to use this feature.