|Governing Body:||Fédération Internationale de Hockey (FIH)|
The game starts with a coin toss by the umpire. The home team gets the chance to choose between heads and tails and the team that wins the toss gets the choice to opt between the possession of the ball at the start of the game or the side of the field it would like to defend.
All international matches are divided into two 35 minutes half and a halftime interval of 5 minutes.
11 players can be put on the field (including the goalkeeper) at the time of play. Substitutions are allowed at any time of the play except during penalty corners.
The positions in the game are not absolute, but generally the team arranges players into defense, midfield and attack.
The players in the play are not allowed to use their feet or any other body part to control the ball. If the ball touches the feet of the player then in that case the umpire will either award a free hit to the opponent team or will continue the game if the other team gains an advantage. None except the goalkeeper is allowed to touch the ball with his hands, feet or any other body part to stop or strike the ball.
Firstly, the ball cannot be lifted in air until it is directly shot on the goal but it is allowed to be lifted until the referee does not considers it to be dangerous.
The different ways to score a goal in a field hockey are as follows:-
The hockey stick, usually 80-95 cm long, was originally made by carving it out of wood. However, nowadays it's made from kevlar or other synthetic materials.
The J-shaped hook at the end of the hockey stick was initially longer (English style), but was later replaced by a shorter hook (Indian style) since the long hook made it extremely difficult for players to use the stick on the reverse.
The handle takes up the top third portion of the stick and is generally wrapped with a chamois leather grip.
Hockey balls are usually made from plastic, and are of contrasting colours to the field. The balls have a diameter of 2.81–2.94 inches and a mass of 156–163 grams.,
The game consists of two teams. Each team of 11 players is allowed on the field, including a goalkeeper. Substitutions are allowed at any time of the play except during penalty corners.,
The measurements & dimensions of the field are laid down by the International Hockey Federation (FIH). The game is played on a 100yd x 60yd rectangular field. The field is divided into four sections of 25 yards each. At each end of the field is a goal which is 7 ft. high and 12 ft. wide.
Traditionally the game was played on the grass surface, but with time and evolution in the game it is now mandatory for the entire International and most of the national competitions to play on synthetic pitches which is known as ‘turf’.
Hockey has more than 4000 years of history associated with it. For instance, a 4000-year-old carving was found in Egypt, which depicted two men playing hockey. A similar game in Ireland, called Hurling, has been played since 1272 BC.
The people of ancient Greece also played a similar game called 'kerētízein', with a horn or horn-like stick. Also, the Daur people of Inner Mongolia still play 'beikou', another similar game, since 1000 years.,
In the beginning, hockey players didn't use much equipment like helmets and pads to protect their bodies, unlike this era's hockey players who always wear a substantial amount of body protection.
Players started using safety equipment way after other similar sports like cricket. Just in case, here is a list of different types of equipment with their first appearance date -
In June 1958, NHL made a new protocol that made it compulsory for all the sports manufacturers to have all the pieces of equipment checked and approved by NHL. Similarly, field masks for the goalie were made mandatory in 1973.
Afterwards in the 1970s, the game of field hockey became more quick and scintillating upon the introduction of artificial turfs, replacing the natural grass turf, which usually slowed down the game and made it difficult to play.
Nowadays, modern-day hockey players wear lightweight but highly durable pieces of equipment and gears that offer them maximum protection and best comfort.,
A variant of hockey which contains five players on each side, including the goalkeeper. The field (area of play) is approximately half the size of a regular hockey pitch. It doesn't have any penalty corners, and shots can be taken from anywhere inside the field. The duration of a match is 36 minutes, with three twelve-minute periods having two minutes of intervals between them. This type of process and rule set enables the game to be faster, and hence, enjoyable. This format has been used earlier in the 2014 youth Olympics games and the 2015 Pacific games.
Kindly log in to use this feature.