|Governing Body:||Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG)|
Aerobic Gymnastics is a competitive discipline of gymnastics in which gymnasts execute routines to music that show dynamic strength, flexibility, jumping ability and balance.
The sport was originated from traditional aerobics and was included as a sports discipline in FIG (The International Gymnastics Federation) in 1994. The first World Championship of the sport was held in 1995 in Paris and it was included in the World Games in 1997. The European Union of Gymnastics has been organizing the Aerobic European Gymnastics Championships since 1999. The performances of aerobic gymnastics include complex movements to music with the winner being the gymnast or a team who shows clean and balanced movements with perfect technique.
Male athletes participate in six events - Floor exercise, pommel horse, still rings, vault, parallel bars and horizontal bar.
Female athletes compete in four events - vault, uneven bars, balance beam and floor exercise.
Aerobic Gymnastics - Shoes
Gymnasts wear flexible and cushioned shoes that offer support and shock absorption.
Aerobic Gymnastics - Clothing
Women wear a one-piece leotard and skin-colored tights and men wear one or two piece stretchy costume.
The routine should last 1 minute 30 seconds with a tolerance of +/- 5 seconds for all competitions.
Gymnasts are scored based on the difficulty of the moves, artistic merit and the execution. The total of all the three scores determines the winner of the event.
A panel of nine judges evaluate each routine performed by the athletes and give scores. The panel is usually broken down into “D” panel (Difficulty) including 2 judges, “E” panel (Execution) with 5 judges and “R” panel (Reference) including 2 judges to score each aspect of the performance.
Artistic judges assess the artistic merits and faults in the routine performed.
Responsible for overseeing the panel’s activities and making point deductions in case of mistakes like using prohibited moves, etc.
Difficulty judges assess the difficulty of the movements performed in the routine.
Execution judges deduct points based on the technical imperfections in the execution of the routine.
Penalties are imposed on athletes for making following rule infractions-
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