Another kind of combat sports is wrestling, played barehanded in which two opponents tend to throw each other down in a way such that their shoulders may touch the floor with the help of specific techniques used in the sport. The sport became part of Olympics in 708 B.C. and came to prominence in the late 80s.At present, the sport has two playing formats- Freestyle (added to Olympics Games in 1904) and Greco-Roman style (added to Olympics in 1908). In modern times, it has been considered as one of the most opted sport by youth and especially by women. In Greco-Roman style, the players are prohibited to hold the opponent below the waist and to change their leg position frequently.
Types of wrestling
There are two types of wrestling –Greco-Roman style and Freestyle. In Greco-Roman style, the participants are not allowed to move legs frequently and to hold the opponent below the waist whereas, in freestyle wrestling, participants are free to hold the opponent from the leg.
The player has to throw down his/ her opponent in such a way that the shoulders of the opponent should touch the floor completing a span recalled by the referee "a fall" (a maximum time that signifies full control of a wrestler over the opponent).
The playing area comprises of a cushionedsquare shaped (12mx7m) mat (made of synthetic material) with a diameter of 9 m. The area is divided into three zones differentiated by three different colors-
Central wrestling Area- The innermost yellow colored area of the mat with a diameter of 7m in which each bout has been started.
Passivity zone- The outer red colored boundary surrounding the central area with 1m width is known as the passivity zone. This zone borders the wrestling area.
Protection Area- The outside octagonal shaped blue colored area of width ranging from 1.2m-1.5m is the protection zone. If a player’s leg, hands or stomach with head touches the protection area, the bout is stopped.
The diagonally opposite corners of the mat are marked as red and blue for each of the two players. For the convenience of viewers, the mat can be placed at the maximum height of 1.1m from the floor.
Fondly known as the "Russian Bear" and "Russian King Kong", Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Karelin is a retired Greco-Roman wrestler who thrice became the Olympic Champion under 130 kg category in 1988, 1992 and 1996 representing the Soviet Union, Unified Teamand Russia, respectively. Aleksandr has reigned the World Championships for consecutive nine years and the European Championships for consecutive twelve years.
An IranianGreco-Roman wrestler who has earned the title of the World Champion for a total of six times who has won the wrestling event of LondonOlympics (held in 2012) under the category of 55 kg. He has also clinched twogoldmedals at the Asian Championships held in 2007 and 2008, respectively.
A freestyle wrestler from Haryana who earned the first ever medal for India in the Commonwealth Games (2010) and the first female wrestler who qualified for the Olympic Games in freestyle wrestling. She has set an example for girls through her sturdy performance at various national a well as international wrestling events such as Commonwealth Championships, Asian Championships, and World Championships.
Sushil Kumar Solanki is an Indian freestyle wrestler who has won the title of World Champion in the year 2010. He twice won the gold medal in Commonwealth Games ( in 2010 and 2014) and reigned the Commonwealth Wrestling Championship four times. Sushil is the only Indiuan wrestler who has won two individual Olympic medals (at London Olympics and Beijing Olympics).