Luge is a winter sport performed on natural or artificially made ice tracks. It is a small sled with no breaking system for one or two persons on which the person lies on his back with his feet first. The sport was originated in the 19th century at the health spa town of St. Moritz, Switzerland. The very first organized toboggan race was held in Switzerland in 1883 which was resulted in a tie and the first world championship of luge took place in 1955 in Oslo, Norway.
Lugers compete either as individuals (male or female) or as doubles (a pair of 2 men or a pair of a man and a woman) or as teams comprising of three sleds: one for a man, one for a woman and the third one for a doubles team.
Luge races take place on ice tracks which can be a natural track or an artificial one.
Natural track- These tracks are created on ice covered mountain roads and paths. They do not have side walls or artificial banks. Most of the natural luge tracks are situated in Austria and Italy and others in Poland, Germany, Russia, Sweden, etc.
Artificial track- These tracks are made with ice and are sometimes artificially refrigerated. The artificial tracks are specially created with curved banks and sidewalls. These tracks are very smooth. Tracks with high banked curves offer speed around 120-145 km/h. Artificial track luge is considered to be the fastest sledding sport on ice.