Darts is a throwing sport in which small missiles known as darts are thrown at a dartboard which usually is circular in shape and is affixed to a wall. Darts is both a professional competitive sport as well as a traditional pub game.
Darts were earlier used in warfare in ancient history; skirmishers used darts of different sizes, much similar to tiny javelins. It was the practice that developed this game into the game of skill. The old name of the dartboard is “butt” which comes from the French word ‘but’ meaning “target,” and may have its origins in the cross-section of a tree. There is a conjecture that this game has been evolved among the soldiers throwing short, small arrows at the bottom of a cask or the bottom of tree trunks.
Today the sport is mostly played in Britain and Ireland, across the Commonwealth, the Netherlands, The United States, Scandinavian countries and elsewhere.
World Darts Federation is the global governing body of the sport that organizes tournaments for the game. PDC and BDO are the two other bodies from the United Kingdom that operates under WDF and conduct separate competitions under their federations for darts.
The dartboard is the area where the darts are thrown at an appropriate mark to gain points. The standard international dartboard is also known as a clock board. It measures 18 cms in diameter and has 20 pie-shaped segments of equal size along with a bull’s eye in the exact center. Each numbered segment has a double ring on the outer perimeter of the scoring area and a triple ring in the interior. The bull’s-eye has an outer ball area which is also known as the single bull and scores 25 points along with an inner bull known as double bull’s eye which scores 50 points.
Nicknamed as “The Power”, Philip Douglas Taylor is widely regarded as the greatest darts player of all time. He has won a total of 216 professional tournaments, which covers 84 major titles and 16 world Championships which is a record in itself.