Close-fitting boots made from stiff plastic are worn that hold the feet tightly to create a sturdy connection between the legs and the skis. The boots are closed and secured by a number of clips, the thick padding of the boot surrounds the lower leg, and the thick sole of the boot is attached to the ski.
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Skiers wear skin-tight suits made from wind and water resistant fabric to cut down on air resistance. The suits may be padded on the shins and around the shoulders to give the skier extra protection. Insulated, waterproof jackets are worn to stay warm.
Skiers wear gloves to keep the hands warm while skiing.
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Well-fitting ski goggles are used that help protect the skiers’ eyes from the sun as well as keep the snow out of the eyes.
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Skiers wear a helmet with padded chin-strap that covers the head and ears and consist of a hard plastic or resin shell with inner padding to withstand several impacts and gives warmth and extra protection for the head.
The device that connects/binds a ski boot to the ski is known as a binding. It fixes the boot at the toe and heel.
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The skis used in freestyle skiing have a maximum length of 1.9m for men and 1.8m for women. The bindings attached to skis secure the boots onto the skis. The skis have a curved profile to make it more flexible. Twin-tip skis that have curved up tip and tail are used in halfpipe and slopestyle events, and mogul skis are used in mogul and aerial events.
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Ski poles are made of aluminium tubes and are used to help maintain balance during skiing. The poles are attached to a strap on top-end and a plastic basket at the bottom that stops the pole from sinking into the snow. Downhill skiers use curved poles instead of the straight ones to minimize drag.