|Governing Body:||International Triathlon Union (ITU)|
Triathlon is a combined sport consisting of three disciplines- swimming, cycling and running competed in continuity and succession. The most common form of the sport consists of these three disciplines only; however other variations of the game may also exist. The sport is a part of summer Olympics since 2000. The first triathlon consisting of these three sports (swimming-cycling-running) in succession was held on 25th September 1974 at Mission Bay, San Diego, California. But the sport is considered to have its beginning in the 1920s in France with a race named “Les Trois Sports” having a 3km run, 12km bike racing followed by swimming. The global governing body of the sport- ITU was founded in 1989.
To complete all the three disciplines in the fastest time possible while following all the predetermined rules. The overall time of the athlete is inclusive of the “transition” time which is taken by players to change gear for the next segment (from swimming to cycling and from cycling to running).
The playing area of triathlon consists of the racing courses and the transition area where athletes change gear for different disciplines of the race. Swimming often takes place in open-water followed by road cycling and then running which takes place usually on public roads and streets.
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He is a four-time ITU World champion, three-time European champion, two-time Commonwealth champion and the only athlete to win two Olympic titles in triathlon.
She is a professional triathlete from Great Britain who has won a gold in 2008 and two gold medals at the 2011 ITU World Championships (each in the elite and team events).
She is the 2016 ITU World champion, two-time gold medalist at the ITU Cross Triathlon World Championships and a three-time XTERRA Triathlon World Champion.