|Governing Body:||International Netball Federation (INF)|
Netball is a fast and an enthusiastic game which involves a lot of physical activity like running, jumping, catching and throwing. Much similar to its parent basketball, netball differs a bit in terms of rules, players' composition and equipment used.
The game involves no dribbling, no running with the ball which must be passed to the teammate within 3 seconds, and 7 players on the field at the time of play.
The ball and the basket are slightly smaller than basketball with no backboard; and the players too are assigned with certain areas of the netball court.
James Naismith, the young instructor at the YMCA Training School at Springfield, Massachusetts, was once designated a task of discovering an indoor sport for men- the produce was basketball. The game had the following ethics- no personal contact, no running with the ball and the goal (basket) should be horizontal and elevated.
Senda Berenson who joined the college as a gymnastics instructor thought whether the same would be a good activity for females as well. She then devised women basketball. To assure the game to be womanly she prohibited the players to snatch or bat the ball from the hands of another player. To increase the speed of the game the players were not allowed to hold the ball more than three seconds, they could not even bounce or dribble the ball more than thrice. This version of game was then named as ‘Netball’ in 1960’s.
Today, more than 70 countries worldwide play this game and involve more than 20 million players. Netball became a recognized Olympics sport in the year 1995 and is also the women’s no.1 team sport in nations like New Zealand, Australia, England, Jamaica, Fiji, South Africa and Hong Kong.
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The game constitutes of seven players on each side of the court. There may be up to twelve players in a team, however, there is no limit to the no. of substitutions that a team may avail.
Following are the playing positions and role of players:-
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The netball game can either be played on a hard or soft court with rings or scoring hoops at both the ends. Generally, the professional level games are played on a hard court which measures 100ft by 50.0ft and is slightly larger than the basketball court. The longer sides are known as the “side lines” whereas, the shorter lines are known as “goal lines” or “back lines”, the two lines that split the court into three are referred to as “transverse lines”. The court markings must not be more than 2 inches in width. The court is divided into threes which directs where the players of each position are permitted to move.
The centre circle is located at the centre of the court and measures 9 metres in diameter. There is a 4.9 metre radius semi-circle at each end of the court which is also called as “shooting circle” or "goal circle” and all the scoring shots must be taken within the same circle. The goal posts are 10 ft high from the top of the ring to the ground with no backboard. The internal diameter of the rings must not be more than 15 inches and must be placed 5.9 inches forward from the post.