Karting, also known as kart racing or go-karting, is a form of open-wheel motorsport in which drivers speed around a track and compete with each other to be the first past the finishing post. A kart is a small, open, four-wheeled automobile which is also known by the names go-kart or gearbox/shifter kart based on its design. These are mostly raced on scaled-down circuits.
An American race car builder (at Kurtis Kraft), Art Ingels is the father of karting who built the first kart in 1956 in Southern California. The sport became instantly popular and spread to other countries and currently has a huge following in Europe.
Karting is usually regarded as the stepping stone for aspiring drivers of other motorsports. Karts vary extensively in speed and Superkarts can reach speeds exceeding 160 mph, while recreational go-karts meant for the general public may be limited to lower speeds.
Kart racing has different racing formats which include sprint racing, endurance racing and speedway racing. Sprint races take place on small road courses and track range from 400 meters to 1600 meters in length. Endurance races take place on full-size road racing circuits that range between 1.5 & 4 miles in length. Speedway races take place on asphalt or clay oval tracks which are usually between 1/10 mile and 1/4 mile long.