|Governing Body:||World Karate Federation (WKF)|
Karate is a form of full contact martial art that dates back to the 17th Century. It was developed in the Okinawa Prefecture of Japan. The sport is evolved from the native martial arts of the Ryukyu Islands under the leadership of Chinese martial arts, especially Fujian White Crane.
In its initial stages, karate was an original form of closed-fist fighting; Kara means ‘empty,' and te means ’hand’. Karate not only grooms the body but the mind of the practitioner as well where people as young as four years of age can learn and participate in karate competitions in different age, weight, and experience categories. The sport is widely practiced by people of all ages all around the world.
The global governing body of the sport is World Karate Federation that organizes various World Championships and will also be a recognized Summer Olympics Sport from 2020 onwards.
In Kumite competitions the core objective is to score ippon (1 point), nihon (2 points), or sanbon (3 points) by performing various techniques according to the said criteria. The participant with the higher no. of scores wins.
Kumite- Under Kumite competition, the World Karate Championships are held under the weight class system that is different for both men and women. The classes are given as under:-
For Men: −60 kg, −67 kg, −75 kg, −84 kg, and +84 kg
For women: −50 kg, −55 kg, −61 kg, −68 kg, and +68 kg
Kata- These competitions are judged on the basis of power and speed of the athletes’ techniques. One contender is assigned with a blue belt and the other one a red belt and are allowed to showcase ther kata at their ake their respective turns. The result of competition is displayed by a flag system, where five judges each of whom has a red and a blue flag, raise either of the flag to show which competitor has won according to them. The more the no. of flags of the same color are raised, the athlete wearing the same color belt wins.
Image Credits: landmarkathletics.com
The competition area is a matted square with a length of 8 meters on each side. The area may be raised up to 1 metre above the floor. If elevated it should measure 12 meters each side, while the outer 2 meters being the safety area. Two parallel lines each measuring 1 metre in length are positioned at a distance of 1.5meters from the center area. The contestants are positioned on these lines. A warning line is drawn at a distance of 1 meter from the inside edges an all sides of the mat.