Baseball is a bat and ball game played by two teams of nine players each. A game consists of nine innings in which players of both teams takes turns at batting to score runs by advancing around four bases. Each inning consists of three outs for each team and the team with the most runs at the end of the match wins. The origins of baseball are uncertain. Games similar to baseball were played in Wallachia (part of Romania) and Russia in the 14th century and a similar game was very popular amongst monks in France in the 1330s.
The modern sport of baseball is considered (by some) to be evolved from cricket and rounders (British sport) and being played in England in the 18th century. However, the only widely accepted story is that a man named Abner Doubleday invented the game in 1839 in Cooperstown, New York. Alexander Cartwright invented the rules of the game in 1845 and the first recorded game in the U.S. history took place in 1846 in Hoboken, New Jersey. By the end of 19th century, the sport was widely considered as the national sport of the United States and is currently popular throughout America, the Caribbean and East Asia, particularly Japan.
Two teams of nine players each compete against each other. The players are generally referred by their playing positions on the field. The defensive positions are pitcher, catcher, first baseman, second baseman, third baseman, shortstop, left fielder, center fielder and right fielder.
The baseball field is divided into infield and outfield. The infield is a diamond shaped area (with 90 feet long baselines) consisting of first, second and third bases, the home plate and the pitcher’s mound. The pitcher’s mound is a raised sloping mound with a radius of 9 feet and is the place from where the pitcher throws the ball to the batter and is in the middle of the infield and the pitching distance is 60 feet 6 inches. The home plate is a five-sided slab of rubber and the other three bases are in a counterclockwise order from the home plate and are called first base, second base and the third base. There is a one batter’s box on each side of the home plate and are 6 feet long and 4 feet wide. The right-handed batter stands in the left-side batter’s box and vice-versa.
The outfield is made either from grass or artificial turf and it is the area where the outfielders play. Two foul lines extend out from the back home plate to the foul poles at the edge of the outfield. The ball is not in play if hit outside the foul lines. The warning track runs along the fence which is a strip of dirt/gravel and is a warning sign for outfielders.
He is a former professional shortstop, five-time World Series champion and is the New York Yankees’ all-time career leader in hits, doubles, games played, stolen bases, times on base, plate appearances and at bats.